Persuasive Speech Types & Features

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Propositions that can be supported with evidence and logic are the focus of persuasive speeches.

Propositions that can be supported with evidence and logic are the focus of persuasive speeches. Three different kinds of questions can be answered by persuasive arguments: factual questions, moral questions, and policy questions. These inquiries can assist the speaker in identifying the types of justification and argumentation required to support a certain purpose statement.

Statements of Fact

Whether anything "may potentially be verified as either true or incorrect" is a question of fact.

These inquiries may appear to be extremely simple—something is, or it is not—but in actuality, the pursuit of truth is a difficult task. Simple questions like "Is the sky blue?" are rarely addressed in questions of fact. They usually centre on contentious issues like whether global warming exists, what caused a catastrophic event, or whether a person is guilty or innocent in a court of law.

A proposition of fact might centre on existence in order to respond to these queries. For instance, racial profiling, in which law enforcement officials target individuals for inquiry and arrest based on their skin colour, is a topic of discussion in the United States. According to the American Civil Liberties Union, racial profiling is still a pervasive and terrible form of discrimination in the United States.

Others place a strong emphasis on causality, while some assertions of fact deal with the presence of a specific phenomenon or the veracity of a hypothesis. For instance, the U.S. government established a commission to assess the reasons for the recent economic crisis in the country. The commission completed its findings by arguing that the economic crisis was brought on by the financial sector's recklessness and the government regulatory agencies' shortcomings. Seek essay writer from SourceEssay.

It is also possible to make predictions about the future using propositions of fact. Ten miles of a well-travelled Southern California roadway were shut down for a full weekend in the summer of 2011. The closure was dubbed "Carmageddon" by drivers, news organisations, and government officials because they predicted a "inevitable and perhaps monumental traffic tie-up."

When making assertions of truth, you should concentrate on the evidence you have to back them up. First, make sure your speech contains enough supporting evidence for your claim. After then, spend some time explaining the evidence to your audience so that they can understand it.

Value Propositions

A proposition determining the (relative) worth of something is required when discussing matters of value, which fall under the purview of persuasive speakers. These claims express an opinion about morality, beauty, intelligence, or attractiveness. For instance, some vegans contend that consuming meat is immoral due to the method used in animal slaughter. This assertion may be supported by a utilitarian or animal rights mindset for vegetarians.

A proposal of value may occasionally evaluate various choices to decide the best one. These comparisons are frequently requested by customers in order to choose which products to purchase.

Policy Recommendations

Despite the Schiavo case having a value-based foundation, the argument produced a policy-related issue. In policy questions, the speaker is asked to support a suitable course of action. This style of persuasion is utilised frequently in Congress to make laws, but it is also employed in interpersonal situations to guide our behaviour. People may be asked to start or cease a certain activity in response to a policy proposal. For instance, some American localities have begun to outlaw grocery shop single-use plastic bags.

Organizations like The Surfrider Foundation and the Earth Resource Foundation pushed for consumers to cease using these bags because of the harm plastic bags do to marine life even before official public legislation on the subject was formed. In this instance, local governments and private organisations made an effort to urge citizens to avoid using single-use plastic bags when shopping. The organisations did make an effort to get people to start using reusable bags when they went shopping, though.

Speakers will frequently start by discussing the status quo when responding to a question on policy. If you are making the case that a change needs to be made, you must first identify the issue with the present behaviour before proving that it is important enough to deserve immediate attention. You can next present your recommendation for a preferable plan of action once you've demonstrated that there is a problem that the audience should take into consideration. [13] The next step is for you to prove that the advantages of your suggested policy outweigh the costs.

To establish their case, they first outlined the current situation, claiming that the rise of email and online bill-paying facilities had significantly reduced the demand for their service. They added that whereas in previous years they had reduced spending and laid off employees to deal with the revenue shortfall, now they needed a new strategy in order to stay current with their financial commitments. They presented data demonstrating that respondents favoured the elimination of Saturday mail to options like raising stamp prices or devoting more tax dollars to post offices. To learn about the types of persuasive speech students can now avail essay writing help from SourceEssay professionals.